E v o l u t i o n | a n d | h u m a n | b e h a v i o r

Michael McCullough






Curriculum Vitae

Biosketch

Books

Articles and Book Chapters

Measures and Translations

In the Media

Evolution and Human Behavior Laboratory

Teaching

 

Articles and Chapters

McCullough, M. E., Swartwout, P., Shaver, J. H., Carter, E. C., & Sosis, R. (in press). Christian religious badges instill trust in Christian and non-Christian perceivers. Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/rel0000045

McCullough, M. E., & Reed, L. I. (2016). What the face communicates: Clearing the conceptual ground. Current Opinion in Psychology, 7, 110-114. doi: 10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.08.023

Carter, E. C., Kofler, L. M., Foster, D. E., & McCullough, M. E. (2015). A series of meta-analytic tests of the depletion effect: Self-control does not seem to rely on a limited resource. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, 796-815. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xge0000083

Carter, E. C., Pedersen, E. J., & McCullough, M. E. (2015). Reassessing intertemporal choice: human decision-making is more optimal in a foraging task than in a self-control task. Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00095

Gomes, C., & McCullough, M. E. (2015). The effects of implicit religious primes on dictator game allocations: A preregistered replication experiment. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 144, e94-e104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/xge0000027

Nave, G., Camerer C., & McCullough M. E. (2015). Does oxytocin increase trust in humans? A critical review of research. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 10, 772-789. doi: 10.1177/1745691615600138

Hone, L. S. E., & McCullough, M. E. (2015). Does religious cognition really down-regulate hand grip endurance in men? A failure to replicate. Evolution and Human Behavior, 36, 81-85. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2014.08.007

Hone, L. S. E., & McCullough, M. E. (2015). Sexually selected sex differences in competitiveness explain sex differences in changes in drinking game participation. Evolutionary Psychology, 13, 397-410. doi: http://www.epjournal.net/3538

Kim-Spoon, J., McCullough, M. E., Bickel, W. K., Farley, J. P., & Longo, G. S. (2015). Longitudinal associations among religiousness, delay discounting, and substance use initiation in early adolescence. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 25, 36-43. doi: 10.1111/jora.12104

McCullough, M. E. (2015). Human evolutionary exceptionalism. In J. Brockman (Ed.), This idea must die: Scientific theories that are blocking progress (pp. 447-451). New York: Harper Perennial.

McCullough, M. E. Thought machines, human minds, and a universal basis for dignity. In J. Brockman (Ed.), What to think about machines that think (pp. 430-433). New York: Harper Perennial.

Carter, E. C., & McCullough, M. E. (2014). Publication bias and the limited strength model of self-control: Has the evidence for ego depletion been overestimated? Frontiers in Psychology, 5, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00823

Carver, C. S., Johnson, S. L., McCullough, M. E., Forster, D. E., & Joormann, J. (2014). Adulthood personality correlates of childhood adversity. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01357

Dewall, C. N., Pond, R. S., Carter, E. C., McCullough, M. E., Lambert, N. M., Fincham, F. D., & Nezlek, J. B. (2014). Explaining the relationship between religiousness and substance use: Self-control matters. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 107, 339-351. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0036853

Kim-Spoon, J., Farley, J., Holmes, C., Longo, G., & McCullough, M. E. (2014). Processes linking parents' and adolescents' religiousness and adolescent substance use: Monitoring and self-control. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43, 745-756. doi: 10.1007/s10964-013-9998-1

McCullough, M. E., & Kelly, D. L. (2014). A trading scheme to reduce false positives. Nature, 508, 319.

McCullough, M. E., Pedersen, E. J., Tabak, B. A., & Carter, E. C. (2014). Conciliatory gestures promote forgiveness and reduce anger in humans. PNAS Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111 (30), 11211-11216. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1405072111

Pedersen, E. J., Forster, D. E., & McCullough, M. E. (2014). Life history, code of honor, and emotional responses to inequality in an economic game. Emotion, 14, 920-929. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0036752

Tabak, B. A., McCullough, M. E., Carver, C. S., Pedersen, E. J., & Cuccaro, M. L. (2014).  Variation in oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms is associated with emotional and behavioral reactions to betrayal. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9, 810-816. doi: 10.1093/scan/nst042

Carter, E. C., & McCullough, M. E. (2013). After a pair of self-control-intensive tasks, sucrose swishing improves subsequent working memory performance. BMC Psychology, 1, 22. doi: 10.1186/2050-7283-1-22

Carter, E. C., & McCullough, M. E. (2013). Is ego depletion too incredible? Evidence for the overestimation of the depletion effect. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 683-684. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/s0140525x13000952

Hone, L. S. E., McCullough, M. E., & Carter, E. C. (2013). Drinking games as a venue for sexual competition. Evolutionary Psychology, 11, 889-906. doi: 10.1177/147470491301100413

McCullough, M. E., & Carter, E. (2013). Religion, self-control, and self- regulation: How and why are they related? In J. J. Exline (Ed.), APA Handbook of Psychology, Religion, and Spirituality (pp. 123-138). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. doi: 10.1037/14045-006

McCullough, M. E., Churchland, P. S., & Mendez, A. J. (2013). Problems with measuring peripheral oxytocin: Can the data on oxytocin and human behavior be trusted? Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 37, 1485-1492. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.04.018

McCullough, M. E., & Kurzban, R., & Tabak, B. A. (2013). Cognitive systems for revenge and forgiveness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 1-58. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X11002160

McCullough, M. E., & Pedersen, E. J. (2013). The evolution of generosity: How natural selection builds devices for benefit delivery. Social Research, 80, 387-410. doi: 10.1353/sor.2013.0021

Miller, W., Shepperd, J. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2013). Evaluating the religious commitment inventory for adolescents. Psychology of Spirituality & Religion, 5, 233-241. doi: 10.1037/a0031694

Pedersen, E. J., Kurzban, R., & McCullough, M. E. (2013). Do humans really punish altruistically? A closer look. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280, 20122723. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2012.2723

Allemand, M., Steiner, M., & McCullough, M. E. (2012). Do agreeableness and neuroticism explain age differences in the tendency to forgive others? Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 441-453. doi: 10.1177/0146167211427923

Burnette, J. L., McCullough, M. E., Van Tongeren, D. R., & Davis, D. E. (2012). Forgiveness results from integrating information about relationship value and exploitation risk. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38, 345-356. doi: 10.1177/0146167211424582

Carter, E. C., McCullough, M. E., & Carver, C. S. (2012). The mediating role of monitoring in the association of religion with self-control. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 3, 691-697. doi: 10.1177/1948550612438925

Carter, E. C., McCullough, M. E., Kim-Spoon, J., Corrales, C., & Blake, A. (2012). Religious people discount the future less. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 224-231. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2011.09.006

Hone, L. S. E., & McCullough, M. E. (2012). 2D:4D ratios predict hand grip strength (but not hand grip endurance) in men (but not in women). Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 780-789. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2012.07.003

Kim-Spoon, J., Longo, G., & McCullough, M. E. (2012). Adolescents who are less religious than their parents are at risk for externalizing and internalizing symptoms: The mediating role of parent-adolescent relationship quality. Journal of Family Psychology, 26, 636-641. doi: 10.1037/a0029176

Kim-Spoon, J., Longo, G., & McCullough, M. E. (2012). Parent-adolescent relationship quality as a moderator for the influences of parents' religiousness on adolescents' religiousness and adjustment. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 41, 1576-1587. doi: 10.1007/s10964-012-9796-1

McCullough, M. E., Carter, E. C., & DeWall, C. N., & Corrales, C. M. (2012). Religious cognition down-regulates sexually selected, characteristically male behaviors in men, but not in women. Evolution and Human Behavior, 33, 562-568. doi: 10.1016/j.evolhumbehav.2012.02.004

McCullough, M. E., Pedersen, E. J., Schroder, J. M., Tabak, B. A., & Carver, C. S. (2012). Harsh childhood environmental characteristics predict exploitation and retaliation in humans. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 280, 20122104. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2012.2104

Tabak, B. A., McCullough, M. E., Root, L. M., Bono, G., & Berry, J. W. (2012). Conciliatory gestures facilitate forgiveness and feelings of friendship by making transgressors appear more agreeable. Journal of Personality, 80, 503-536. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-6494.2011.00728.x

Barraza, J. A., McCullough, M. E., Ahmadi, S., & Zak, P. J. (2011). Oxytocin infusion increases charitable donations regardless of monetary resources. Hormones and Behavior, 60, 148-151. doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2011.04.008

McCullough, M. E., & Carter, E. (2011). Waiting, tolerating, and cooperating: Did religion evolve to prop up humans’ self-control abilities? In K. D. Vohs and R.F. Baumeister (eds.), Handbook of self-regulation: Research, theory, and applications (2nd ed.) (pp. 422-437). New York: Guilford.

Phillips, K. M., Antoni, M. H., Carver, C. S., Lechner, S. C., Penedo, F. J., McCullough, M. E., Glück, S., DerHagopian, R., & Blomberg, B. B. (2011). Stress management skills and reductions in serum cortisol across the year after surgery for non-metastatic breast cancer. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 35, 95-600. doi: 10.1007/s10608-011-9398-3

Steiner, M., Allemand, M., & McCullough, M. E. (2011). Age differences in forgivingness: The role of transgression frequency and intensity. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 670-678. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2011.09.004

Szeto, A., McCabe, P. M, Nation, D. A., Tabak, B. A., Rossetti, M. A., McCullough, M. E., Scheiderman, N., Mendez, A. J. (2011). Evaluation of enzyme immunoassay and radioimmunoassay methods for the measurement of plasma oxytocin. Psychosomatic Medicine, 73, 393-400. doi: 10.1097/PSY.0b013e31821df0c2

Tabak, B. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2011). Perceived transgressor agreeableness decreases cortisol response and increases forgiveness following recent interpersonal transgressions. Biological Psychology, 87, 386-392. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.05.001

Tabak, B. A., McCullough, M. E., Szeto, A., Mendez, A. J., McCabe, P. M. (2011). Oxytocin indexes relational distress following interpersonal harms in women. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 36, 115-122. doi: 10.1016/j.psyneuen.2010.07.004

Koole, S. L., McCullough, M. E., Kuhl, J., Roelofsma, P. H. M. P. (2010). Why religion’s burdens are light: From religiosity to implicit self-regulation. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 14, 95-107. doi: 10.1177/1088868309351109

McCullough, M. E., Luna, L. R., Berry, J. W., Tabak, B. A., & Bono, G. (2010).  On the form and function of forgiving: Modeling the time-forgiveness relationship and testing the valuable relationships hypothesis. Emotion, 10, 358-376. doi: 10.1037/a0019349

McCullough, M. E., & Tabak, B. A. (2010). Prosocial behavior. In R. F. Baumeister and E. J. Finkel (eds.), Advanced social psychology (pp. 263-302). New York: Oxford.

McCullough, M. E., Tabak, B. A., & Kurzban, R. (2010). Evolved mechanisms for revenge and forgiveness. In M. Mikulincer and P. R. Shaver (2010). Human aggression and violence: Causes, manifestations, and consequences (pp. 221-239). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/12346-012

Kim, J., McCullough, M. E., & Cicchetti, D. (2009). Parents' and children's religiosity and child behavioral adjustment among maltreated and nonmaltreated children. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 18, 594-605. doi: 10.1007/s10826-009-9262-1

Kim, J., Nesselroade, J. R., & McCullough, M. E. (2009). Dynamic factor analysis of worldviews/religious beliefs and well-being among older adults. Journal of Adult Development, 16, 87-100. doi: 10.1007/s10804-009-9062-2

McCullough, M. E., Friedman, H. S., Enders, C. K., & Martin, L. M. (2009). Does devoutness delay death? Psychological investment in religion and its association with longevity in the Terman sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 97, 866-882. doi: 10.1037/a0016366

McCullough, M. E., Root, L. M. Tabak, B., & Witvliet, C. v. O. (2009). Forgiveness. In S. J. Lopez (Ed.), Handbook of Positive Psychology (2nd ed.) (pp. 427-435). New York: Oxford.

McCullough, M. E., & Willoughby, B. L. B. (2009). Religion, self-regulation, and self-control: Associations, explanations, and implications. Psychological Bulletin, 135, 69-93. doi: 10.1037/a0014213

McCullough, M. E. (2009). Commentary on "Do You Thank the Taxpayer for Your Bailout?" Harvard Business Review (June, 2009).

Bono, G., McCullough, M. E., & Root, L. M. (2008). Forgiveness, feeling connected to others, and well-being: Two longitudinal studies. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34, 182-195. doi: 10.1177/0146167207310025

Hill, T. D., McCullough, M. E. (2008). Religious involvement and the intoxication trajectories of low income urban women. Journal of Drug Issues, 38, 847-862. doi: 10.1177/002204260803800309

McCullough, M. E., Kimeldorf, M. B., & Cohen, A. D. (2008). An adaptation for altruism? The social causes, social effects, and social evolution of gratitude. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 17, 281-284. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00590.x

McCullough, M. E., & Boker, S. M. (2007). Dynamical modeling for studying self-regulatory processes: An example from the study of religious development over the life span. In A. D. Ong and M. van Dulmen (Eds.), Handbook of methods in positive psychology (pp. 380-394). New York: Oxford.

McCullough, M. E., Bono, G., & Root, L. M. (2007). Rumination, emotion, and forgiveness: Three longitudinal studies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 490-505. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.92.3.490

McCullough, M. E., Orsulak, P., Brandon, A., & Akers, L. (2007). Rumination, fear, and cortisol: An in vivo study of interpersonal transgressions. Health Psychology, 26, 126-132. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.26.1.126

McCullough, M. E., & Polak, E. (2007).  Change and stability during the third age: Longitudinal investigations of self-rated health and religiousness with the Terman sample.  In J. B. James and P. Wink (Eds.), The crown of life: Dynamics of the early postretirement period (pp. 175-192). New York: Springer.

Root, L. M., & McCullough, M. E. (2007). Low-cost interventions for promoting forgiveness. In L’Abate, L. (Ed.), Low-cost approaches to promote physical and mental health: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 415-434). New York: Springer. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/0-387-36899-x_21

Witvliet, C. V. O., & McCullough, M. E. (2007). Forgiveness and health: A review and theoretical exploration of emotion pathways. In S. G. Post (Ed.), The science of altruism and health (pp. 259-276). New York: Oxford Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195182910.003.0017

Bono, G. & McCullough M. E. (2006). Positive responses to benefit and harm: Bringing forgiveness and gratitude into cognitive psychotherapy. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 20, 147-158. http://dx.doi.org/10.1891/jcop.20.2.147

McCullough, M. E., Root, L. M., & Cohen, A. D. (2006). Writing about the benefits of an interpersonal transgression facilitates forgiveness. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74, 887-897. doi: 10.1037/0022-006X.74.5.887

Polak, E., & McCullough, M. E. (2006). Is gratitude an alternative to materialism? Journal of Happiness Studies, 7, 343-360. doi: 10.1007/s10902-005-3649-5

Szaflarski, M., Ritchey, P. N., Leonard, A. C., Mrus, J. M., Peterman, A. H., Ellison, C. G., McCullough, M. E., & Tsevat, J. (2006). Modeling the effects of spirituality/religion on patients’ perceptions of living with HIV/AIDS. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21, S28–S38. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2006.00646.x

Tsang, J., McCullough, M. E., & Fincham, F. D. (2006). The longitudinal association between forgiveness and relationship closeness and commitment.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 25, 448-472. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2006.25.4.448

Hoyt, W. T., Fincham, F. D., McCullough, M. E., Maio, G., & Davila, J. (2005). Responses to interpersonal transgressions in families: Forgivingness, forgivability, and relationship-specific effects. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 375-394. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.89.3.375

Hoyt, W. T., & McCullough, M. E. (2005). Issues in the multimodal measurement of forgiveness.  In E. L. Worthington, Jr. (Ed.), Handbook of forgiveness (pp. 109-123). New York: Routledge.

McCullough, M. E., Bono, G., Root, L. M., (2005). Religion and forgiveness.  In R. F. Paloutzian and C. L. Park (Eds.), Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality (pp. 394-411). New York: Guilford.

McCullough, M. E., Enders, C. K., Brion, S. L., & Jain, A. R. (2005). The varieties of religious development in adulthood: A longitudinal investigation of religion and rational choice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89, 78-89. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.89.1.78

McCullough, M. E., & Laurenceau, J. P. (2005). Religiousness and the trajectory of self-rated health across adulthood. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 31, 560-573. doi: 10.1177/0146167204271657

McCullough, M. E.. & Root, L. M. (2005). Forgiveness as change. In E. L. Worthington, Jr. (Ed.), Handbook of forgiveness (pp. 91-107). New York: Routledge.

Tsang, J., McCullough, M. E., & Hoyt, W. T. (2005). Psychometric and rationalization accounts of the religion-forgiveness discrepancy. Journal of Social Issues, 61, 785-805 http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-4560.2005.00432.x  

Bono, G., & McCullough, M. E. (2004). Religion, forgiveness, and adjustment in older adulthood. In K. W. Schaie, N. Krause & A. Booth (Eds.), Religious influences on health and well-being in the elderly (pp. 163-186). New York: Springer Publishing Co.

Bono, G., Emmons, R. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2004). Gratitude in practice and the practice of gratitude. In A. Linley and S. Joseph (Eds.), Positive Psychology in Practice (pp. 464-481). New York: Wiley. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470939338.ch29

McCullough, M. E. (2004). Forgiveness and mercy.  In C. Peterson and M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification (pp. 445-459). New York: Oxford/American Psychological Association.

McCullough, M. E., & Laurenceau, J. P. (2004). Gender and the natural history of self-rated health: A 59-year longitudinal study. Health Psychology, 23, 651-655. doi: 10.1037/0278-6133.23.6.651

McCullough, M. E., & Tsang, J. (2004). Parent of the virtues? The prosocial contours of gratitude. In R. A. Emmons and M. E. McCullough (Eds.), The psychology of gratitude (pp. 123-144). New York: Oxford.

McCullough, M. E., Tsang, J., & Emmons, R. A. (2004). Gratitude in intermediate affective terrain: Links of grateful moods to individual differences and daily emotional experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 86, 295-309. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.86.2.295

Post. S. G., & McCullough, M. E. (2004). Kindness. In C. Peterson and M. E. P. Seligman (Eds.), Character strengths and virtues: A handbook and classification (pp. 325-335). New York: Oxford/American Psychological Association.

Tsang, J., & McCullough, M. E. (2004). An annotated bibliography of psychological research on gratitude.  In R. A. Emmons and M. E. McCullough (Eds.), The psychology of gratitude (pp. 291-242). New York: Oxford.

Exline, J. J., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Hill, P. C., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Forgiveness and justice: A research agenda for social and personality psychology. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 7, 337-348. doi: 10.1207/S15327957PSPR0704_06  

Bono, G., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Research on other-regarding virtues, 1998-2002. In S. G. Post, B. Johnson, M. E. McCullough, & J. P. Schloss (Eds.), Research on altruism and love: An annotated bibliography of major studies in psychology, sociology, evolutionary biology, and theology (pp. 5-61). Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press.

Emmons, R. A., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Counting blessings versus burdens: An experimental investigation of gratitude and subjective well-being in daily life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 377-389. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.84.2.377

Emmons, R. A., McCullough, M. E., & Tsang, J. (2003). The assessment of gratitude. In S. J. Lopez and C. R. Snyder (Eds.). Handbook of positive psychology assessment (pp. 327-341). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10612-021

Kendler, K., Liu, X., Gardner, C. O., McCullough, M. E., & Prescott, C. A. (2003). Dimensions of religiosity and their relationship to lifetime psychiatric and substance use disorders. American Journal of Psychiatry, 160, 496-503. http://dx.doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.160.3.496

McCullough, M. E., Emmons, R. A., Kilpatrick, S. D., & Mooney, C. N. (2003). Narcissists as “victims”: The role of narcissism in the perception of transgressions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 885-893. doi: 10.1177/0146167203029007007

McCullough, M. E., Fincham, F. D., & Tsang, J. (2003). Forgiveness, forbearance, and time: The temporal unfolding of transgression-related interpersonal motivations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 540-557. doi: 10.1037/0022-3514.84.3.540

McCullough, M. E., & Smith, T. B. (2003). Religion and health: Depressive symptoms and mortality as case studies. In M. Dillon (Ed.), Handbook of the Sociology of Religion (pp. 190-204). New York: Cambridge University Press.

McCullough, M. E., Tsang, J., & Brion, S. (2003). Personality traits in adolescence as predictors of religiousness in early adulthood: Findings from the Terman Longitudinal Study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 29, 980-991. doi: 10.1177/0146167203253210

Puchalski C. M., Kilpatrick, S. D., McCullough, M. E., Larson, D. B. (2003). A systematic review of spiritual and religious variables in Palliative Medicine, American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care, Hospice Journal, Journal of Palliative Care, and Journal of Pain and Symptom Management. Palliative and Supportive Care, 1, 7-13. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1478951503030128

Smith, T. B., McCullough, M. E., & Poll, J. (2003). Religiousness and depression: Evidence for a main effect and the moderating influence of stressful life events. Psychological Bulletin, 129, 614-636. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.129.4.614

Tsang, J., & McCullough, M. E. (2003). Measuring religious constructs: A hierarchical approach to construct organization and scale selection. In S. J. Lopez and C. R. Snyder (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychological Assessment (pp. 345-360).  Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/10612-022

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Wade, N. G., Hight, T. L., Ripley, J. S., McCullough, M. E., Berry, J. W., Berry, J. T., Schmidt, M. M., Berry, J. T., Bursley, K. H., & O’Connor, L. (2003). The Religious Commitment Inventory-10: Development, refinement, and validation of a brief scale for research and counseling. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 50, 84-96. doi: 10.1037/0022-0167.50.1.84

Kilpatrick, S. D., & McCullough, M. E. (2002). Annotated bibliography of research on altruism. In S. G. Post, L. G. Underwood, J. P. Schloss, & W. B. Hurlbut (Eds.), Altruistic love: Science, philosophy, and religion in dialogue (pp. 387-490).  New York: Oxford.

McCullough, M. E. (2002). Savoring life, past and present: Explaining what hope and gratitude share in common. Psychological Inquiry, 13, 302-304. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/1448873

McCullough, M. E., Emmons, R. A., & Tsang, J. (2002). The grateful disposition: A conceptual and empirical topography. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 112-127. doi: 10.1037//0022-3514.82.1.112

McCullough, M. E., & Hoyt, W. T. (2002). Transgression-related motivational dispositions: Personality substrates of forgiveness and their links to the Big Five. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 28, 1556-1573. doi: 10.1177/014616702237583

McCullough, M. E. (2001). Forgiveness: Who does it and how do they do it?  Current Directions in Psychological Science, 10, 194-197.  [Reprinted 2004 in Janet B. Ruscher and Elisabeth Yost Hammer, Current Directions in Social Psychology (pp. 100-106). New York: Prentice Hall.] doi: 10.1111/1467-8721.00147

McCullough, M. E. (2001).  Forgiving.  In C. R. Snyder (Ed.), Coping with stress: Effective people and processes (pp. 93-113).New York: Oxford Press.

McCullough, M. E. (2001). Religious involvement and mortality: Answers and more questions. In T. G. Plante and A. C. Sherman (Eds.), Faith and health. (pp. 53-74). New York: Guilford.

McCullough, M. E., Bellah, C. G., Kilpatrick, S. D., & Johnson, J. L. (2001). Vengefulness: Relationships with forgiveness, rumination, well-being, and the Big Five.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 601-610. doi: 10.1177/0146167201275008

McCullough, M. E., Hoyt, W. T., & Larson, D. B. (2001). Small, robust, and important: Reply to Sloan and Bagiella (2001) [Letter to the Editor]. Health Psychology, 20, 228-229. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0092533

McCullough, M. E., Kilpatrick, S. D., Emmons, R. A., & Larson, D. B. (2001). Is gratitude a moral affect? Psychological Bulletin, 127, 249-266. doi: 10.1037//0033-2909.127.2.249

McCullough, M. E., & Witvliet, C. V. (2001). The psychology of forgiveness. In C. R. Snyder and S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of Positive Psychology (pp. 446-458). New York: Oxford.

George, L. K., Larson, D. B., Koenig, H. G., & McCullough, M. E. (2000).  Spirituality and health: What we know, what we need to know.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19, 102-116. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2000.19.1.102

Hill, P. C., Pargament, K. I., Hood, R. W., McCullough, M. E., Swyers, J. P., Larson, D. B., & Zinnbauer, B. J. (2000).  Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: Points of commonality, points of departure.  Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour, 30, 51-77. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1468-5914.00119  

Johnson, B., Li, S. D., Larson, D. B., & McCullough, M. E. (2000).  A systematic review of the religiosity and delinquency literature. Journal of Contemporary Criminal Justice, 16, 32-52. doi: 10.1177/1043986200016001003

McCullough, M. E. (2000).  Forgiveness as human strength: Theory, measurement, and links to well-being.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19, 43-55. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2000.19.1.43

McCullough, M. E., Hoyt, W. T., Larson, D. B., Koenig, H. G., & Thoresen, C. E. (2000).  Religious involvement and mortality: A meta-analytic review. Health Psychology, 19, 211-222. [Reprinted in Barrett, J. (2010), Psychology of religion: Critical concepts in religious studies. London: Routledge.] doi: 10.1037//0278-6133.19.3.211

McCullough, M. E., Pargament, K. I., & Thoresen, C. E. (2000).  The psychology of forgiveness: History, conceptual issues, and overview.  In M. E. McCullough, K. I. Pargament, and C. E. Thoresen (Eds.), Forgiveness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 1-14).  New York: Guilford.

McCullough, M. E., Rachal, K. C., & Hoyt, W. T. (2000).  What we know (and need to know) about assessing forgiveness constructs.  In M. E. McCullough, K. I. Pargament, and C. E. Thoresen (Eds.), Forgiveness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 65-88).  New York: Guilford.

McCullough, M. E., & Snyder, C. R. (2000).  Classical sources of human strength: Revisiting an old home and building a new one.  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19, 1-10. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2000.19.1.1

Pargament, K. I., McCullough, M. E., & Thoresen, C. E. (2000).  The frontier of forgiveness: Seven directions for psychological study and practice.  In M. E. McCullough, K. I. Pargament, and C. E. Thoresen (Eds.), Forgiveness: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 299-319).  New York: Guilford.

Snyder, C. R., & McCullough, M. E. (2000).  A positive psychology field of dreams: "If you build it, they will come…"  Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 19, 151-160. doi: 10.1521/jscp.2000.19.1.151

Anderson-Hanley, C., & McCullough, M. E. (1999).  Review of "Belief in Divine Intervention Scale."  In P. C. Hill and R. W. Hood (Eds.), Measures of religiosity (pp. 450-452). Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.

D'Onofrio, B. M., Murrelle, L., Eaves, L. J., McCullough, M. E., & Landis, J. L., & Maes, H. H. (1999).  Adolescent religiousness and its influence on substance use: Preliminary findings from the Mid-Atlantic School Age Twin Study.  Twin Research, 2, 156-168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/twin.2.2.156

Emmons, R.A., & McCullough, M.E. (1999). (Eds.)  Religion in the psychology of personality.  [Special Issue]. Journal of Personality.

Harris, A. H. S., Thoresen, C. E., McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (1999).  Spiritually and religiously oriented health interventions.  Journal of Health Psychology, 4, 413-433. doi: 10.1177/135910539900400309

Kilpatrick, S. D., & McCullough, M. E. (1999).  Religion and spirituality in rehabilitation psychology.  Rehabilitation Psychology, 44, 388-402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0090-5550.44.4.388

Koenig, H. G., George, L. K., Larson, D. B., McCullough, M. E., & Branch, P. S., & Kuchibhatla, M. (1999).Depressive symptoms and nine-year survival of 1,001 male veterans hospitalized with medical illness.  American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry, 7, 124-131. doi: 10.1097/00019442-199905000-00005

Koenig, H. G., Hays, J. C., Larson, D. B., George, L. K., Cohen, H. J., McCullough, M. E., Meador, K. G., & Blazer, D. G. (1999).  Does religious attendance prolong survival?  A six-year follow-up study of 3,968 older adults.  Journal of Gerontology: Medical Sciences, 54A, M370-M376.doi: 10.1093/gerona/54.7.M370

McCullough, M. E. (1999).  Research on religion-accommodative counseling: Review and meta-analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 46, 92-98. [Reprinted in A. K. Milinki. (Ed.) (2000), A cross-section of psychological research: Journal articles for discussion and evaluation. Los Angeles: Pryczak Publishing] http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.46.1.92

McCullough, M. E. (1999).  Review of "Wade's Forgiveness Scale."  In P. C. Hill and R. W. Hood (Eds.), Measures of religiosity (pp. 460-464).  Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.

McCullough, M. E. (1999).  Review of "Enright Forgiveness Inventory--United States Version."  In P. C. Hill, and R. W. Hood (Eds.), Measures of religiosity (pp. 457-460).  Birmingham, AL: Religious Education Press.

McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (1999).  Religion and depression: A review of the literature.  Twin Research, 2, 126-136. http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/twin.2.2.126

McCullough, M. E., Larson, D. B., Koenig, H. G., & Lerner, R. (1999). The mismeasurement of religion in mortality research. Mortality, 4, 183-194. doi: 10.1080/713685973

McCullough, M. E., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (1999).  Religion and the forgiving personality.  Journal of Personality, 67, 1141-1164. doi: 10.1111/1467-6494.00085

Koenig, H. G., Larson, D. B., Hays, J. C., McCullough, M. E., George, L. K., Branch, P. S., Meador, K. G., & Kuchibhatla, M. (1998).  Religion and the survival of 1010 hospitalized veterans.  Journal of Religion and Health, 37, 15-29. doi: 10.1023/A:1022904915837

Matthews, D. A., McCullough, M. E., Larson, D. B., Koenig, H. G., Swyers, J. P., & Milano, M. G. (1998).  Religious commitment and health status: A review of the research and implications for family medicine.  Archives of Family Medicine, 118-124. http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archfami.7.2.118

McCullough, M. E., Exline, J. J., & Baumeister, R. F. (1998).  An annotated bibliography of research on forgiveness and related concepts.  In E. L. Worthington, Jr. (Ed.), Dimensions of forgiveness: Psychological research and theological perspectives (pp. 193-317).  Philadelphia, PA: Templeton Foundation Press.

McCullough, M. E., & Larson, D. B. (1998).  Future directions in research. In H. G. Koenig (Ed.), Handbook of religion and mental health.  San Diego: Academic Press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-012417645-4/50074-2

McCullough, M. E., Rachal, K. C., Sandage, S. J., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Wade-Brown, S., & Hight, T. (1998).  Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships II: Theoretical elaboration and measurement.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 75, 1586-1603. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.75.6.1586

Larson, D.B., Swyers, J.P., & McCullough, M.E. (1997). (Eds.) Scientific research on spirituality and health: A consensus report. Rockville, MD: National Institute for Healthcare Research.

McCullough, M. E., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Maxey, J., & Rachal, K. C. (1997).  Gender in the context of supportive and challenging religious counseling interventions.  Journal of Counseling Psychology, 44, 80-88. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.44.1.80

McCullough, M. E., Worthington, E. L., Jr., & Rachal, K. C. (1997).  Interpersonal forgiving in close relationships.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 73, 321-336. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-3514.73.2.321

Worthington, E. L., Jr., Kurusu, T. A., McCullough, M. E., & Sandage, S. J. (1996).  Empirical research on religion and psychotherapeutic processes and outcomes: A 10-year review and research prospectus. Psychological Bulletin, 119, 448-487.

McCullough, M. E., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (1995).  College students’ perceptions of a psychotherapist’s treatment of a religious issue: Partial replication and extension.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 73, 626-634. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.1995.tb01807.x

McCullough, M. E., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (1995).  Promoting forgiveness: A comparison of two brief psycho-educational interventions with a waiting-list control.  Counseling and Values, 40, 55-68. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-007X.1995.tb00387.x

Worthington, E. L., Jr., McCullough, M. E., Shortz, J. L., Mindes, E. J., Sandage, S. J., & Chartrand, J. M. (1995).  Can couples assessment and feedback improve relationships?  Assessment as a brief relationship enrichment procedure.  Journal of Counseling Psychology, 42, 466-475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.42.4.466

McCullough, M. E., & Worthington, E. L., Jr. (1994).  Models of interpersonal forgiveness and their applications to counseling: Review and critique. Counseling and Values, 39, 2-14. doi: 10.1002/j.2161-007X.1994.tb01003.x

Shortz, J. L., Worthington, E. L., Jr., McCullough, M. E., DeVries, H., & Morrow, D. (1994).  Published scholarship on marital therapy.  Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 20, 183-187. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.1994.tb01026.x

Shortz, J. L., Worthington, E. L., Jr., McCullough, M. E., Kurusu, T. A., Bryant, W., & DeVries, H. (1994).  Is there more to counting than what meets the eye?  Comment on Snyder and Rice.  Journal of Marital and Family Therapy, 20, 197-202. doi: 10.1111/j.1752-0606.1994.tb01028.x

Morrow, D., Worthington, E. L., Jr., & McCullough, M. E. (1993).  Observers' perceptions of a counselor's treatment of a religious issue.  Journal of Counseling and Development, 71, 452-456. doi: 10.1002/j.1556-6676.1993.tb02664.x

Putney, M. W., Worthington, E. L., Jr., & McCullough, M. E. (1992).  Effects of supervisor and supervisee theoretical orientation and supervisor-supervisee matching on interns' perceptions of supervision.  Journal of Counseling Psychology, 39, 258-265. http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0167.39.2.258